March 28th, 2013

How Does an Eviction Affect My Credit?

98 Comments | Twitter | |

How Does an Eviction Affect My Credit?

Unlawful detainer.

Chances are you don’t know what that means, unless you’ve been expelled from your home. It’s the technical term for the legal action taken to evict someone from a property.

Unsurprisingly, evictions most frequently occur when a tenant has broken the terms of his or her lease, like when you fail to pay rent. That kind can do a number on your credit health. But there are other types as well.

Today, we’ll take a quick look at the different types of evictions and then go over how an eviction can affect your credit.

Different Kinds of Evictions

There are four most common types of evictions.

  • Failure to pay rent. When a tenant is late in paying rent, the landlord can issue a three-day notice to “pay rent or quit.” If the tenant pays during that three-day period, he’ll be able to stay. Even a partial payment, if accepted by the landlord, negates the notice of eviction. But if the tenant fails to pay, the owner has to file an unlawful detainer to regain possession of the property.
  • Breaking the terms of a rental agreement. If a tenant goes against the terms set out in his rental agreement–such as keeping a pet on the property when not allowed–the landlord can give a ten-day notice for the tenant to comply with the agreement or leave the property. If the tenant fixes the problem, he gets to stay. Otherwise, the landlord can move forward with the eviction process.
  • For creating “waste or nuisance.” In simpler terms, this is an eviction for being a messy and destructive tenant. It can also be issued if the tenant is conducting unlawful activity on the premises. When this three-day notice is given, the tenant has no option to remedy the situation–he has to move out.
  • For no cause. As long as the eviction isn’t proven to be discriminatory or retaliatory, a landlord can evict a month-to-month tenant without stating a specific reason. The difference here is that the tenant receives a 20-day notice, which must come at least 20 days before the next rent is due. This type of eviction is not permitted in some larger cities.

How does an eviction get on my credit report?

It’s important to know that just receiving an eviction notice isn’t what puts it on your credit report. An unlawful detainer must be filed in court. The property manager has to obtain an eviction judgment from local small claims or civil court.

Once the judge has ruled in favor of the property manager and the judgment is final, the three major credit bureaus will receive notices of the eviction and add it to the tenant’s credit report in the form of a public record.

How does an eviction affect my credit?

Evictions that go to court and are filed as judgments against you are treated as public records on a credit report. A public record stays on your credit for up to seven years from the date it’s filed, and it can’t be removed early in most cases. It can have several affects on your credit and your life in general:

  • It’ll ding your credit score. This is the most obvious affect. You can simulate how several different types of public records can affect your credit score with the Credit Simulator.
  • It’ll hurt your chances at a job. Though not all do, an employer can check potential job candidates’ credit report. A public record on your credit report can be a red flag for some employers. But there are ways you can prepare yourself if you’re on the job hunt and you’re worried about a black mark on your report.
  • It’ll make it hard for you to rent again. It’s not impossible, but finding a new apartment with an eviction under your belt can be tough. Here are a few tips to help:
    • Start improving your credit health immediately. Use the guidelines in this blog post: My Credit Is Terrible. Now What?
    • Use a rental brokerage service. Explain your situation to them and see if they can help you find an apartment without a background or credit check.
    • Be willing to compromise. Offer to pay a higher security deposit and definitely be ready to explain any helpful circumstances of your eviction.

Bottom Line: I don’t have to tell you to avoid an eviction at all costs–that much is obvious and unhelpful if you already have one on your credit report. But this guide should help you better understand your situation and turn things around for the better. Good luck!

Have you bounced back from an eviction? Tell us about it in the comments!

Bethy

is the Social Media Manager and Writer at Credit Karma, where she’s been since February 2011. When she’s not writing about credit and finance all over the web, you can find her playing her guitar, catching the latest movie, training for her next race or just exploring the city of San Francisco. Say “Hi” on Twitter: @bhardeman.

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98 Comments

  1. I now live in NV however found I have a Public Record from my apartment in Los Angeles. Probably “Failure To Pay” since I moved out before eviction. They filed this after I moved out. Anyway… what do I do? Call them or the court or…..?

    Leroy at 6:00 pm on September 17, 2015
  2. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Leroy – Check out our advice center for all your credit concerns. You can access it by going here: https://www.creditkarma.com/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 10:55 am on September 18, 2015
  3. My sister forged my signature on a least now im stuck with a judgement on my public records but good my mom have they lease that they sign so now i have proof she fordge my name how do i get this eviction removed

    nique at 3:51 pm on September 21, 2015
  4. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Nique – To dispute items on your report, you can start by going here: https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thank you!

    Enola Guerrero at 12:55 pm on September 22, 2015
  5. I had an eviction notice I moved left the property clean and no damaged went to the court hearing never went before the judge talk to apartment lawyer he said I see you moved and satisfied your debt I told him it was because they gave me a noticed that they weren’t renewing my lease I talked to cooperate office of the complex and they left up to the property manager the end of the lease I found a house and moved two days before I turned my keys in the manager called and said the would renew my lease I told him I found a place I told their lawyer all of this so why did if send me an eviction notice the lawyer could not understand and told me I didn’t have to see the judge I have moved to ax and tried to get an apartment an the eviction notice showed up they gave me the report and the agency they used to check back ground info I contacted them they checked iIl records and found it was satisfied and said my credit info needs to be updated how can I do this

    Barbara at 8:07 pm on September 22, 2015
  6. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Barbara – Updates can take up to 30 days to reflect on your account. If you are seeing this information on your full credit report, you can dispute it by going here: https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 12:30 pm on September 23, 2015
  7. I have a Disposessory on my credit for $771. I have called the MGMT to make a payment plan but they wont accept. Instead of me paying the $771 that’s on my credit. The MGMT wants me to pay in full the $771 and the move out statement. But thats not on my credit and they have not taken me to court for that (Move out statement). I plan on paying it but not in full. What can I do if they wont accept a payment plan? Also prior to that the property manager stated that it will go to collections and then I can make a plan that way. But it never happened. It went straight to the MGMT.

    Brittany at 4:50 am on September 24, 2015
  8. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Brittany – Since we are not the lender in question, we suggest talking to them about other options. Also, you can try asking any credit concerns you may have in our advice center here: https://www.creditkarma.com/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 12:28 pm on September 25, 2015
  9. hey me and my dad lived in a house for 30 some years wen all of the sudden they gave him eviction notice.he hadnt had to pay rent in months if not years.my name was not on the eviction.does that mean i can still live there untill they serve me? and if they never had original rental agreement is that legal.my dad has been out and i have not been up there since am i still legal there?

    reggie at 3:29 pm on September 30, 2015
  10. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Reggie – Check out our advice center for any credit concerns you have https://www.creditkarma.com/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 2:05 pm on October 2, 2015
  11. My mom and I were renting an apartment and we were taken to court for an unlawful detainer…they ruled in favor of the landlord so does that mean we were evicted? We actually vacated the premises before the court date. Since we left before the actual “eviction” but the judge ruled against us, does a court judgement mean the same as eviction?

    Tyiesha Evans at 7:58 pm on October 2, 2015
  12. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Tyiesha – I suggest asking any credit concerns you may have in our advice center. https://www.creditkarma.com/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 5:27 pm on October 6, 2015
  13. I was eviction and I wasn’t the only one on the least how do I take care of that because Am trying to get a apartment and can’t

    carolyn at 9:26 pm on October 9, 2015
  14. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Carolyn – Please contact the credit bureaus directly about this matter. https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thank you!

    Enola Guerrero at 10:46 am on October 13, 2015
  15. My eviction was filed and it went to court, but I obtained a lawyer and the judgment ruled in favor of me (my lawyer). I don’t see an eviction under public records on my credit report, but will this show up as an eviction on my rental history and will this hinder me from renting again? Also, am I able to check my rental history somehow so that I can know before I apply to an apartment/house loan?

    Ashlee Johnson at 5:05 pm on October 16, 2015
  16. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Ashlee – It depends if they report it to the credit bureau. Please check your full credit report in your Credit Karma account or on http://www.annualcreditreport.com

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 10:55 am on October 21, 2015
  17. I just payed a broken lease I had in 2013 how long does it usually stay in my credit will it go away I am trying to rent a place know and when I went to go pay the guy told me it would take about 1 week or 2 to be removed

    Monica villegas at 9:19 am on October 29, 2015
  18. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Monica – Updates can take up to 30 days or longer depending on the credit bureau and the lender. Please allow some time for the information to update on your account. Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 8:18 pm on October 31, 2015
  19. I got an eviction notice personally from my ex. There is no leased signed between us. This eviction has not yet been filed. Does my ex have a right to lock me out of my room? Mind you, he is the owner but I have been living with him for quite a while.
    Does he have the right to even throw all my refrigeration items out of the fridge? Restrict me from using stove,microwave,anything in the house? Without any eviction properly filed?

    Another question is, he ended up filing today. The move out day was suppose to be the 9th. I left the 4th. the same day he filed in court. Is this actually acceptable to file papers before even giving me the chance to move on the date he put on the notice?

    Janet at 4:07 pm on November 5, 2015
  20. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Janet – Unfortunately, we do not have insight to this matter and cannot provide any advice. Please check out our advice center for any credit or financial concerns you have https://www.creditkarma.com/all/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 2:03 pm on November 6, 2015
  21. You give the same answer to all,credit karma.

    Why ?

    They only give info for 2 of the 3 bureaus!
    So you aren’t getting a true score.

    And they don’t provide the drop off date or info on negative info.

    So what I’m asking,is am I missing something,some info I’m not seeing?

    Thanks john

    John at 11:21 am on November 7, 2015
  22. I keep getting denied for apartments. they keep saying that i have an eviction on my rental history report, but no eviction is showing on my credit report. no public record either. So are they looking at something i cant see on my report?

    Kimberly P at 9:42 pm on November 7, 2015
  23. Enola Guerrero

    Hi John – Credit bureaus provide different scores since they use over a dozen scoring models. Transunion and Equifax provides Credit Karma with scores using the Vantage 3.0 scoring model. You can read more about different scores here: https://www.creditkarma.com/article/differentscores

    Enola Guerrero at 3:12 pm on November 10, 2015
  24. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Kimberly – To dispute any errors you see on your credit report, please go here: https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 3:12 pm on November 10, 2015
  25. Awhile back I was on the verge of being evicted, I went to court and they told me I had a week to pay it and I did. This was 2 years ago and it’s still on my credit report and when I call they say it’s on there because I got evicted but I’m still living in the same apartment. What should I do?

    Nicole Chambliss at 11:39 pm on November 18, 2015
  26. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Nicole – Check out our advice center for any of your credit inquiries. https://www.creditkarma.com/all/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 2:10 pm on November 19, 2015
  27. If i have gotten evicted and the action was in one year but shows up on my credit as an eviction for the year after, how do i get that corrected?

    Shahidah at 1:50 pm on November 30, 2015
  28. I have a judgment of possession from 2012. It’s not on my credit reports, but is definitely on my rental history. Will this 1 time of being late and not actually evicted stick with me for 7 years?

    sharhonda at 8:03 pm on December 3, 2015
  29. Enola Guerrero

    Hey Shahidah – You can dispute any errors you see on your report here: https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 10:08 pm on December 3, 2015
  30. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Sharhonda – I suggest contact the credit bureaus directly about this matter. You can learn and start disputes by going here, https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 11:07 am on December 4, 2015
  31. Hello
    So 2 years ago my husband and i got an eviction notice. We got out a couple days after getting it. We never got a court order or anything. How can i find out if its on my record

    Mirzi Giron at 4:16 pm on December 9, 2015
  32. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Mirzi – I suggest checking your full credit report and contact the bureaus directly about this matter. Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 7:12 pm on December 10, 2015
  33. I moved before I was served any paperwork knowing my ex landlord was going to file in court because I was 7 days behind in rent & laid off. This was back in 2009, I just found out 2 months ago she took it to court and got a judgment for $3200, found out when applying for a home. I was never served with any paper work. Will this ever go away since it has been so many years or what is the best thing to do (besides pay it)?

    Casey Hood at 8:44 am on December 16, 2015
  34. So I have an eviction on my record and there was someone else on the lease with me and she got a evicted too and I made a deal with the collection company to pay half of what was owed and they would take it off my record. Now its still on credit report and I have a letter from the credit company and court documents saying that I am free of the debit. What do i do to get it off my record.

    Sharaine Smith at 2:08 pm on December 16, 2015
  35. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Sharine – This seems like an issue that the credit bureaus can help you with directly. Please contact them about this matter. https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 5:16 pm on December 17, 2015
  36. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Casey – I’m sure the credit bureaus can help you with this matter. You can also check out our advice center to see if there are others with similar issues, creditkarma.com/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 5:17 pm on December 17, 2015
  37. I just found out that I have 11evictions filed but never been evicted from my place.. Everytime it was for me to go to court it was resolved before the court the date and paid in full. And I want to move what can I do to remove it off my credit report

    Tina at 9:37 pm on December 28, 2015
  38. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Tina – Please contact the bureaus directly to dispute any errors you see on your report. https://www.creditkarma.com/article/dispute-credit-report-errors

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 10:29 am on December 29, 2015
  39. Hello,

    I helped someone obtain an apartment in 2010, i have no public records on my credit report but there is the remainder balance from that apartment now showing up on my credit report in collections. Would that hinder me personally from being approved for another place because im looking to move within this month.

    Lilly at 10:49 pm on January 8, 2016
  40. I was evicted back in 2013. Every time I check my credit I do not see an eviction on there. How can I know if it’s on my credit or record?

    Maria at 7:45 am on January 12, 2016
  41. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Lilly – Since we are not a bureau and since we do not know the details of the situation we cannot provide any insight on this. You can check out our advice center to see if there are others with similar situations and questions. https://www.creditkarma.com/all/advice

    Thanks!

    Enola Guerrero at 3:44 pm on January 12, 2016
  42. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Maria – You can check this information by looking in your full credit report.

    Enola Guerrero at 3:52 pm on January 12, 2016
  43. I have been served eviction notices on plenty of occasion not knowing that all of them are going to my credit report. Now I have never been put out I have always satisfied my debt. My question is will I be able to have them removed since I was never put out just served papers. I’m also working with Lexington Law firm to help repair my credit,would it be wise to ask them if they are able to remove them?

    NICOLE GERALD at 9:00 am on January 14, 2016
  44. Hi I’m inquiring about a house and he said he seen evictions on there but we have always settled before hand spp how do i solve this,he said something about maybe i can call magistrate court and have them removed, but how

    April stein at 10:13 am on February 1, 2016
  45. Hi;
    I was served an eviction in October 2009 (it was entirely my fault, and due a job lost during a struggling economy, a divorce, and an extremely costly car accident that occurred within about 3 months of each other), and moved out before the court made their decision.

    Since then I am gainfully employed, have secured a new rental (the landlord was a self-proprietor, who did not run a credit check) I have not been late on my rent in years (or any bills).

    Am, I correct in my assumption that (soon)after October 2016 (as it will be 7 years) the eviction will be removed from my credit history?

    Kelly at 9:08 am on February 16, 2016
  46. hello I need an evction report.Does credit karma provides that?

    julie at 8:24 am on February 17, 2016
  47. Enola Guerrero

    Hi Julie – We only provide credit reports from Transunion and Equifax.

    Enola Guerrero at 9:10 am on February 17, 2016
  48. Can you request that an eviction be vacated from your record/credit report if you and the landlord both goes to court and request it after the judgement have been satisfied?

    Leah Marks at 3:18 pm on February 22, 2016

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